By Haig Khatchadourian M.A., Ph.D. (auth.)
It is neither far-fetched nor over-modest to imagine that a few readers will believe that one other e-book on philosophical research is superfluous, due to the fact that there are at the present a few high-quality books, essays or col lections of essays at the topic. a part of the explanation which makes me wish that the current ebook isn't really superfluous is that its target isn't like that of lots of those books or essays. What i personally have at tempted to do is to stipulate my very own perspectives concerning the nature and attainable kinds and varieties of philosophical research: the results of sustained mirrored image at the topic for the previous few years. The tools of analy sis which are the following considered as "proper," and in a better or lesser measure philosophically helpful equipment will not be, of their normal positive aspects, relatively whatever new. they're recommended or are literally being practised via diverse modern philosophers; and a few of them have an extended and hallowed background at the back of them. although, the current paintings makes an attempt to offer those equipment in a kind or demeanour which, it really is was hoping, will lead them to applicable, or much less inacceptable, to philosophers with widely-divergent attitudes or biases. a huge characteristic of the e-book is that nobody strategy or form of strategy is thought of as the right kind technique or kind of approach to philosophical research to the exclusion of others; in sharp distinction to the perspectives or perform of numerous modern philosophers.
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Additional resources for A Critical Study in Method
Is usually translated into: 1 I am not including value terms because the question as to whether they express concepts is still a matter of controversy. " which in turn is translated into: (iii) "What is it to bean "X"? ) or (iv) "What sorts of features, etc. " Question (i) would be usually regarded as logically equivalent to a question asking for 'X's' conventional connotation (iii & iv); and, in some cases, as equivalent to a question asking for 'X's' denotation. ' This is seen if we consider ordinary discourse.
To tell us under what circumstances two names or predicates in an ordinary language have the same meaning. For the datum from which he starts, and from which anyone trying to do what he attempts has to start, is that there are words in ordinary language which have the same meaning. Otherwise, what sense can we attach to our use of the expression 'having the same meaning' in ordinary discourse; and what would any philosopher be doing if, in his analysis of synonymity, he is not analysing the notion as we have it ?
That obtain in each class of synonymous expressions. The "criteria-features" are the defining features of pairs of synonymous expressions, whose presence or absence in a given instance indicates the synonymity or lack of synonymity, respectively, of the particular pair of expressions involved. I must add, however, that it is theoretically possible to arrive at criteria of synonymity without analysing the ordinary concept of synonymity. It is nowadays customary to begin a discussion of synonymity with the true statement that no completely satisfactory account of synonymity has hitherto been given.
A Critical Study in Method by Haig Khatchadourian M.A., Ph.D. (auth.)