By Martin Haspelmath

ISBN-10: 3110137356

ISBN-13: 9783110137354

The sequence builds an intensive choice of top of the range descriptions of languages world wide. every one quantity deals a accomplished grammatical description of a unmarried language including absolutely analyzed pattern texts and, if acceptable, a glossary and different appropriate info that's on hand at the language in query. There aren't any regulations as to language kinfolk or zone, and even supposing targeted realization is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and priceless remedies of higher identified languages also are incorporated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the single criterion is a excessive normal of medical caliber.

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G. k'waC 'foof [k'wo(fh] or [k'otfh]. 2. /e/ is pronounced as [ε] in stressed syllables and as [e] or [i] in prestress syllables, especially when followed by Ν in the next syllable. This variation is the cause of some variation in the spelling: ixtibär ~ extibär 'confidence'; ecigun ~ icigun 'put; build'; etc. g. ekw 'light' [cekh]. 3. 3. 1. Consonant inventory See Table 3 on the next page. In addition to the consonants of the standard language (as given in Table 3), many dialects have some of the following consonants: —the voiced alveolar and postalveolar affricates /dz/, /dzw/, and /φ/; —the postalveolar labialized obstruents /(fw/, /tfhw/, /tf'w/, //w/, /3W/, /<£w/.

Mamedov 1911), but these attempts at establishing a written language were not successful. After the Bolsheviks took power in the early 1920s, the official language policy at first favored the use of Turkic (Azerbaijani) in Daghestan. But in the second half of the 1920s, it was decided to provide several Daghestanian languages with written standards, among them Lezgian. 194 Download Date | 9/17/13 4:46 PM 24 2. Lezgian and its speakers like the alphabets of the other newly written languages of the Soviet Union.

1. The Lezgians The Lezgians live in an area of about 5000 km 2 in southern Daghestan and northern Azerbaijan, in the high mountain area of the eastern Caucasus and in the plains between the mountains and the Caspian sea. In addition, there is a sizable Lezgian diaspora in many major cities of the former Soviet Union. According to the 1989 census, there were 466 000 Lezgians in the Soviet Union. Since the rate of language retention for the Lezgians is around 90 percent, the number of speakers of Lezgian must be well over 400 000.

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A Grammar of Lezgian by Martin Haspelmath

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