By Peter Robb

ISBN-10: 0333691288

ISBN-13: 9780333691281

A background of India explores the primary topics that unify Indian historical past and provides the reader a cosmopolitan and obtainable view of India’s dynamics from precedent days, the Mughal Empire, and the British Raj via post-1947 India. The e-book examines Indian politics, non secular ideals, caste, surroundings, nationalism, colonialism, and gender, between different concerns. It additionally discusses long term financial improvement, the effect of worldwide exchange, and the origins of rural poverty. Peter Robb’s transparent, fluent narrative explores the interaction among India’s empires, areas of rule, customs, and ideology, and is a perfect place to begin for people with an curiosity in India’s prior and current.

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Over hundreds of years from the point when groups first began to settle on land, appropriate political institutions and commercial production also began to evolve, and some people were subordinated as an agricultural labour force. Settled agriculture was linked to profit, land control, culture and mythology. The very early development of cities implied the existence of surplus extraction and probably market exchanges. The social hierarchy reflected this need to bring and keep land under the plough, to amass and protect capital, and to manage labour.

COMMUNITIES There had to be more to it, however, if this philosophy was to help perpetuate interdependent communities. The cycle of reincarnation, for example, explained status, but also demanded that the world be rejected in order that the cycle be escaped. The later classical age clearly needed some way of accommodating a mystical, yogic stance with the practical needs of political and economic life. A pragmatic basis for the great controversies of the thousand years 34 A HI STORY OF INDIA from about 600 BCE may be found in this need.

He, the conqueror of Kalinga (modern Orissa), called for peace and order, and espoused the less cynical principles of ruling from the Artha Shastra. He instructed his representatives not only to judge and punish but to seek the affection of men, because (to quote his edict, written in Prakrit, and preserved, among other places, on a stone near Bhubaneshwar, in one of the conquered territories) he desired that all should ‘obtain welfare and happiness both in this world and the next’ – as if the two goals were after all compatible.

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A History of India by Peter Robb

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