By Karel Werner
A multi-purpose reference paintings which should still turn into an fundamental significant other for anyone who comes into contact with Hinduism. features a dictionary of Sanskrit and vernacular phrases; a word list of phrases and ideas; and a survey of the historic improvement of Hinduism.
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Extra resources for A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism (Popular Dictionaries of Religion)
See . Aurobindo Ghosh (1872–1950) Cambridge-educated and destined for the civil service, he became instead a nationalist revolutionary. After a yogic experience during a one-year prison sentence, he settled in French Pondicherry, founded an āśram and wrote yogic and philosophical works. He developed his own version of Integral Yoga and in his cosmic philosophy he envisaged the possibility of a new phase in the evolution of the world, provided a certain number of individuals prepared themselves through yoga and a commitment to a spiritual way of life for receiving the cosmic consciousness which could bring about the spiritualization of the whole earth or even universe.
Ayam ātmā brahma (this self is brahman, BU 4, 4, 5) one of the ‘great pronouncements’ (mahāvākyas) of the asserting the identity of the inner self with the divine essence of the universe, which is the central theme of the teachings. It is further the main tenet of the Advaita Vedānta school of thought and in a modified way also of Advaita. It is, moreover, the most widely held view among Hindus, often in a popularized form, namely that God or the Divine dwells in the human heart, in all creatures and in every single thing.
Brahmins also sanctioned castes as divinely ordained in the process of the creation of the world (cf. RV 10, 90). Further divisions came about over the centuries as a result of mixed marriages, and offspring from intercourse with lower caste concubines and casual intercourse across the caste barriers, and also as a result of occupations becoming hereditary and forming sub-castes (jāti). At one time the caste system seemed inseparable from Hinduism as did feudalism from Christianity, but modern neo-Hindu reformers condemned the system and after independence in 1947 the caste system was abolished by law, although it still largely survives as a strong tradition and social prejudice not only in India, but even in many emigrant Hindu communities throughout the world.
A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism (Popular Dictionaries of Religion) by Karel Werner