By Saskia Sassen
This groundbreaking learn specializes in the significance of position, scale, and kingdom to the examine of globalization. Sassen identifies units of approaches that make up globalization: the 1st and frequently studied set of tactics is worldwide associations, from the international alternate association to the conflict Crime Tribunals; the moment and not more often explored set of tactics ensue on the nationwide and neighborhood point, together with kingdom financial coverage, small-scale activism that has an specific or implicit international time table, and native politics. Emphasizing the interaction among worldwide and native phenomena, Sassen insightfully examines new varieties and stipulations comparable to international towns, transnational groups, and commodity chains. This designated method of globalization bargains new interpretive and analytic instruments to appreciate the complexity of world interdependence. Sociology of Globalization is half of the modern Societies sequence.
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Additional resources for A Sociology of Globalization (Contemporary Societies Series)
This was one of the earliest efforts at invoking postwar global ties. Many of these alliances were anti-Communist in ideology. Even before the collapse of the Soviet bloc, US-backed institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund had been employed to assist old nation-states towards economic development through the temptations of free trade, unhindered investment and the promise of a quick entry into the new world order. The new initiatives taken by the US – including the jettisoning of fixed exchange rates based on the gold standard and the disposal of almost all regulatory controls following the fiscal policies of US presidents, particularly those advanced by Richard Nixon who practically traduced the doctrine of Keynesianism – more or less discounted government intervention in the maintenance of a sound economy.
Although the idea of anti-colonial nationalism implies moving away from western economic practices that undercut the very concept of freedom, the nation, as it stands, is equally committed to a modernity which introduces market capitalism. Owing to enormous capital inflows and increased migration, a global-imaginary has replaced a national-imaginary (Szeman 2003: 28) based on the logic of the implacable nature of globalization. The history of globalization in the west and its effects on the nation-states of the decolonized world will be traced at the outset, leading finally to an assessment of Hardt and Negri’s Empire as a prelude to evaluating the contemporary relevance of the state in a globalized climate.
An examination of US culture through the prism of postcolonial thought jostles with our understandings of race, ethnicity and migration which have set the parameters of American Studies for many years. More significantly, the idea of US ‘exceptionalism’, and the recent resurgence of its aggressive nationhood, intrude upon the definitions of postcolonialism that will be established in the course of what follows. Sethi T01350 01 text 29 23/02/2011 11:24 2 The End of the Nation? I As decolonization struggles began with the culmination of the Second World War, postcolonial nations revelled in the end of European subjugation.
A Sociology of Globalization (Contemporary Societies Series) by Saskia Sassen