By John M. Hagedorn
“Street gangs reflect the inhuman objectives and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities while they try to the loss of life over scraps from the desk of the foreign drug alternate. yet John Hagedorn, routinely, additionally unearths desire within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, harmony, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he continues the desire tradition of resistance will finally be triumphant over the forces of self-destruction. no matter if one stocks his optimism or now not, he makes a compelling case that the way forward for the realm may be made up our minds at the streets of our cities.” —Mike Davis, from the Foreword
“A international of Gangs is an illuminating trip round the cultures, lives, tragedies, and desires of hundreds of thousands of rebellious early life round the planet. it really is an fundamental paintings to appreciate the realm we are living in and crucial interpreting for college students of towns and communities.” —Manuel Castells
For the greater than one billion those that now stay in city slums, gangs are ubiquitous good points of everyday life. although nonetheless such a lot heavily linked to American towns, gangs are an entrenched, around the globe phenomenon that play an important position in quite a lot of actions, from drug dealing to extortion to spiritual and political violence. In an international of Gangs, John Hagedorn explores this foreign proliferation of the city gang on account of the ravages of globalization.
Looking heavily at gang formation in 3 international cities-Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown-he discovers that a few gangs have institutionalized as a technique to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. specifically, Hagedorn finds, the nihilistic allure of gangsta rap and its road ethic of survival “by any ability necessary” presents very important insights into the ideology and patience of gangs worldwide. This groundbreaking paintings concludes on a hopeful notice. presenting ways that gangs will be inspired to beat their violent traits, Hagedorn appeals to group leaders to take advantage of the urgency, outrage, and resistance universal to either gang lifestyles and hip-hop with the intention to carry gangs into broader hobbies for social justice.
John M. Hagedorn is affiliate professor of legal justice on the collage of Illinois, Chicago. he's editor of Gangs within the international urban and writer of the hugely influential humans and people: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City.
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Additional info for A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture
What lies behind this paranoia is the belief that gangs, particularly the institutionalized ones I have been describing, are organized into pyramidlike bureaucracies, with “lieutenants” and “foot soldiers” carrying out the orders of a diabolical “chief, ” as if gangs were a distorted reﬂection of a police department. While it may be human nature to see in the other a negative reﬂection of what is familiar, such simple-minded ideas are contradicted by much research as well as the last ﬁfty years of organizational theory.
2 percent of Africa’s population under the age of ﬁfteen, twice the percentage in North America. 13 What age constitutes “youth” is problematic, but, as Charles Green says of the black diaspora in the United States, Caribbean, and East Africa, The various age groups are linked by a common appreciation of “hip-hop” clothing and their wavering maturity level. 14 Urbanization has had as far-reaching eﬀects on youth in the third world as it did on second-generation Polish youth in 1920s Chicago. 15 Youth gangs, as a subset of Africa’s thirty-two million street children, have Size of Urban Population 5 million and over since 1950 5 million and over since 2000 5 million and over since 2015 (projected) Cities and megacities since 1950.
In fact, while the twenty-ﬁrst-century process of gang formation may sometimes look the same as it might have on street corners eighty years ago, it can also look radically diﬀerent. To make sense of this I brieﬂy survey below the diﬀerent kinds of conditions that spawn gangs around the world, particularly how gangs respond to social control measures—or the lack of them—by the state. Globalization and the State The ﬁrst gangs studied by sociologists in 1920s Chicago were rebellious, youthful by-products of immigration, urbanization, and industrialization.
A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture by John M. Hagedorn