By Mario Stefanelli, Marco Ramoni (auth.), David A. Evans, Vimla L. Patel (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642081444

ISBN-13: 9783642081446

ISBN-10: 3662028336

ISBN-13: 9783662028339

Cognitive technology is a multidisciplinary technology concerned about figuring out and using versions of cognition. It has spawned a very good dealof examine on functions resembling professional structures and clever tutoring platforms, and has interacted heavily with mental examine. despite the fact that, it's quite often permitted that it really is tricky to use cognitive-scientific types to clinical education and perform. This booklet is predicated on a NATO complex learn Workshop held in Italy in 1991, the aim of which used to be to check the influence ofmodels of cognition on scientific education and perform and to stipulate destiny examine programmes pertaining to cognition and schooling, and specifically to think about the aptitude influence of cognitive technology on clinical education and perform. an important discovery offered within the booklet is that the study parts regarding synthetic intelligence, cognitive psychology, and clinical choice making are significantly nearer, either conceptually and theoretically, than the various workshop members initially thought.

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1989). When less is more. A. L. ), Cognitive Science in Medicine. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 349-367. 14. , & Kelly K. (1987). Diacovering Cawal Structure. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. 15. J. L. (1988). The relationship between comprehension and reasoning in medical expertise. , Glaser R. J. ), The Nature of Ezpertiae. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 287-310. 16. R. (1958). Patterna of Diacovery. An Inquiry into the Conceptual Foundation• of Science. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

According to my colleagues Stefanelli and Ramoni (this volume), these KBSs may be considered as mental prostheses-! would add "rational and objective"-that help physicians with different skills and expertise in the management of patients. Just as telescopes are designed to extend the sensory capacity of humans, KBSs are designed to extend their cognitive capacity. Finally it is important to note that there is a fruitful exchange between AI and epistemology. On the one hand, as described above, there exists the need for an abductive epistemological architecture of medical KBSs; on the other hand, it is important to note that there are well-known AI systems that perform explicitly epistemological tasks, such as BACON (Langley et al.

20 M. Stefanelli & M. moni 38. Simon H. (1985). Artificial-intelligence approaches to problem solving and clinical diagnosis. F. ), Logic of DiscotJery and Diagnosis in Medicine. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. 72-93. 39. F. (1984). Conceptual Structures. Information Processing in Mind and Machine. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. 40. Steels L. (1984). Second generation expert systems. Journal on Future Generation Computers, 1, 213-237. 41. Strawson F. (1959). Individuals: An Essay of Descriptive Methaphysics.

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Advanced Models of Cognition for Medical Training and Practice by Mario Stefanelli, Marco Ramoni (auth.), David A. Evans, Vimla L. Patel (eds.)

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