By Robin Barrow
This booklet provides and argues for an ethical idea which pulls on many of the significant theoretical positions to some extent, however it additionally spells out the bounds and limits of an ethical thought. In doing so, it exposes a few universal confusions and misunderstandings approximately morality, and provides a robust argument for a few undeniable truths relating to the ethical sphere. Divided into 4 components, the booklet covers the major concerns inside of ethical philosophy: part one presents a lucid and strong account of the character and bounds of ethical thought, sharply distinguishing it from faith part two outlines a favorable ethical conception via exploring the defining rules of morality and the explanations for being ethical part three distinguishes ethical values from others akin to ecological, health and wellbeing and defense and sexual values part four is anxious with the consequences of our ethical realizing for ethical schooling. whereas this booklet concentrates on argument and ideas, a statement to every bankruptcy offers historic context and modern reference issues. it's going to turn out a useful source for college kids of either schooling and Philosophy.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Moral Philosophy and Moral Education
Indeed, a judgement that somebody has integrity is usually made precisely when they keep their word despite being threatened, bribed, etc. Only if I keep my word because I recognize that it would be wrong not to do so, do I deserve to be commended for behaving with integrity. Furthermore, one expects both consistency and determination from a person of integrity. The fact that on a certain occasion I act in a certain way because I believe it to be morally right does not establish my integrity. I need, at least, to show that I can be counted on to act in such a way consistently and regardless of temptations and pressures to do otherwise.
J. O’Connor Aquinas and Natural Law. ) A Companion to Ethics and further references in the Commentary on Chapter 4 below on natural rights. Aristotle’s view that humans are political animals is to be found in the Politics. He means that a social instinct is implanted in us by nature and he connects this with our capacity for a unique type of language that allows us to express a distinction between the just and the unjust. The argument that ‘what is generally regarded as good is simply behaviour that suits the powersthat-be’ is attributable to a character named Thrasymachus in Plato’s Republic on one interpretation.
To be contrasted with integrity is another word in fairly common use: hypocrisy. And, similarly, while we are all probably guilty of a little hypocrisy from time to time, most of us share the conviction that there is something wrong with saying one thing and doing another. Despite the too easy assumption that there is no universal common moral sense, I don’t know of any culture, historical or contemporary, that doesn’t share the insight that being two-faced, though it might conceivably be justified on some occasions, is in itself morally repugnant.
An Introduction to Moral Philosophy and Moral Education by Robin Barrow